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  • Brussels sprouts require soil with a PH between 6 and 7.
  • An area with partial shade is preferred.

Preparing your Seedlings  

  • In early spring rake over and level the area you have chosen as a seed bed.
  • Cover the bed with mature compost.
  • Allow the soil to dry and then pat this down with the back of your rake to make it firm.
  • Mark out the rows using string stretched between two stakes for a straight line.
  • Dig holes about half an inch deep and keep your rows 6 inches apart.
  • Sow the seed thinly into the drills and carefully cover soil, lightly firming with the head of the rake.
  • Keep your seed bed moist only using a fine spray.
  • When the seedlings reach about an inch in height thin out the seedlings to about 3 inches this will help avoid overcrowding.
  • Your seedlings are ready to be planted out when they are roughly 4 inches tall.
  • Water your seedlings well the day before planting out.

Planting Out your Seedlings

  • Brussels sprouts prefer an area with partial shade.
  • Try to plant out on a cool, cloudy day. Or you can plant out in the early morning or late afternoon this be less stressful on the plant.
  • Keep as much soil as possible around the roots.
  • Again use two stakes with string stretched between them.
  • Make a hole large enough to fit the root ball.
  • Plant the seedling to just below the two lowest leaves.
  • Firm the soil around each plant with your hands - firm planting helps to grow firm, tight brussels sprouts.
  • The distance between each hole will vary depending on the variety of seed, check the seed pack for recommended distance.
  • Water well after planting out.
  • Hoe regularly to keep your bed free of weed – be carefully not to loosen the soil.
  • Water young plants in any dry weather.
  • Mature plants should not need watering, unless we have a prolonged period of dry weather.
  • As your plant grows taller make sure to support them by tying to stakes.
  • Keep an eye out for pests and treat immediately.
  • Start cropping when sprouts are the size of half a golf ball.
  • Remove any sprouts that have opened, become brown or yellowing leaves.
  • Also check around the ground and remove any that have fallen to avoid attracting pests.
  • Start at the base of the stem and work upwards only taking a few brussels sprouts from each stem at a time.
  • When all the sprouts have been cropped dig up the stem and dispose of it.